The evening of Sânziene, when the animals are on the recommendation and the medicinal vegetation purchase magical powers – Customs and traditions

It was believed that on the evening of Sanziene the animals get a voice and a few vegetation have distinctive properties if they’re harvested then, by way of a ritual noticed with sanctity. The place does the identify Sânziene come from, what’s Drăgaica, why had been wreaths made in all places? Beneath you may learn intimately about this fashionable vacation devoted to baking holdings.

Nation vacationPhotograph: Elenaphotos,

Drăgaica / Sânzienele is a crucial vacation in Romanian and different European civilization, being positioned on the day when the Orthodox Church, but additionally the Catholic Church, rejoice the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.

Here’s what Narcisa Știucă writes concerning the names Drăgaica and Sânziene:

  • “The primary identify marks the vacation amongst these with an erotic aura (Dragobetele, Drăgoșiţele), thus emphasizing the valences they carry in Wallachia, Oltenia and southern Moldova. The second is the results of a phonetic transformation of the identify of St. John (Sântion, Sânzion), so it’s extra clearly hooked up to the spiritual calendar. In fact, the interpretation of the Sânziana / Sânziene etymology from Sancta Diana can be price noting, however, in our opinion, though it’s fully fascinating, it stays with out mythological, historic and geographical protection ”. (Narcisa Știucă – within the guide “Spiral of the Holidays – Faces, Interpretations and Explanations”).


Within the Romanian pantheon, Sânziana is an agrarian goddess who protects wheat fields and married girls, recognized with Diana and Iuno from the Romans and Artemis and Hera from the Greeks. Up to now, the vacation was additionally referred to as “Sânzenie” or “Sânzâene”.

It was believed that within the nights across the vacation of Sanziene there’s a full peace in nature and that the animals give recommendation and get the reward of speech.

  • “As a goddess on the age of fertility and motherhood, she seems with the identify of Drăgaică in Muntenia, Dobrogea, southern and central Moldova and with the identify of Sânziană in the remainder of the areas. She was born on March 9, on the demise of Baba Dochia, she miraculously grows as much as Sânziene (June 24), when the plant that bears her identify blooms (sânziana or dragaica). On the day of the summer time solstice, she sings and dances together with her bridal procession of virgin fairies and delightful ladies, walks by way of fields and forests, floats within the air “, writes Ion Ghinoiu.

Sânzian flowers, some white and a few yellow, had been believed to carry good luck and prosperity.

“In Drăgaică, girls roll by way of the dew. The women’ choir is sprinkled with water, in order that God will give it rain, baths are constructed from natural infusions which are believed to carry well being, vivacity, but additionally appeal, attraction to the ladies). To those are added the ritual harvesting of vegetation solely by initiates, the exorcism of evil spirits, the stimulation of significant and fertilizing forces “, writes Narcisa Știucă.

It’s an distinctive second when evening meets day, when nature totally manifests its power and the vegetation attain the utmost of their development and therapeutic virtues. It was believed that a whole lot of flowers and medicinal weeds have superpowers if they’re harvested on the evening of Sânziene: chicory, sânzienele, asparagus, fern, grass-beasts, grass of St. John. Curiously, asparagus is a poisonous plant to people, if not rigorously dosed, however medieval sources present that it was used within the West in very small portions.

Within the literature there may be discuss of a “magic harvest” from the evening of Sânziene for the grass-beasts and the fern. The fern was believed to be fortunate, whereas the grass-beast was positioned on the border between white and black magic.

In some areas, the ladies had been dressed as brides and wore wreaths of sânziana flowers and it was believed that sânziana primarily cures youngsters’s ailments and protects the hailstorms, storms and storms. However there may be additionally an evil aspect: when his day is disregarded, he arouses storms, makes folks sick, brings hail over crops and smells flowers.

The wreath of Sânziene, typically woven from wheat ears, was worn by a virgin within the ceremony referred to as the Dragaga’s Dance and symbolized the agrarian goddess. The wreath was hung in vital locations such because the window or the pillar of the gate and the importance was to guard folks and animals from the “components” of nature.

Up to now, the ladies wore Sânziene wreaths below their heads as a result of they predicted that they might get married in a dream, identical to the basil from Boboteaza. It was additionally believed that the flowers of the darling placed on the hat or caught within the baskets introduced, introduced a spouse, a loving and good-looking husband.

In Transylvania, the holds had been consecrated in a procession just like that of Pentecost, and fires had been lit on the eve of the feast, and younger folks jumped over them to carry them good luck. Therapeutic vegetation had been consecrated within the church. In some settlements within the south of Transylvania there have been small carnivals referred to as “Boul de Sîânziene”.

  • Ion Ghinoiu additionally writes that in some areas torches had been lit on the evening of Sânziene, as an indication of the invincibility of the Solar on the summer time solstice. In these villages the lads gathered at first of the evening, fashioned a circle, and, standing on a hill outdoors the village, described rolling scrolls within the air with torches, spinning them from east to west, whereas shouting within the choir “Făcliaaaa măăăă.” When the torches are about to exit, the boys take them and stick them within the orchards. The symbolism is said to the enjoyment of the those that the sunshine overcame the darkness and the warmth overcame the chilly. Clearly, a present with smoke, a robust scent of resin, screams and spectacular actions additionally aimed to drive away evil spirits.

Here’s what he writes about Sânziene, August Scriban in his “Dictionary of the Romanian language” (1939)

  • „Sînziană f., Pl. ene (lat. sanctus Joannes, sfîntu Ion, adică ziŭa nașteriĭ luĭ, la 24 Iuniŭ. Întîĭ s’a zis * sînt Joane, apoĭ * sînjuene, m. sing., apoĭ sînziene, f. pl., apoĭ sînziana). A fairy named Cosînzeana. Essentially the most lovely peasant lady chosen at Sînziene. Pl. The favored identify of the day of the start of Saint John the Baptist (June 24), referred to as Drăgaĭca. In Munt. and Mould. south. The times earlier than and after June 24, thought-about the age of flowers. A dismal plant (galium verum) with a golden yellow flower that’s worn on June 24 and known as a dragon in Munt. – Pl. fairly often each sînzeniĭ and sîmzeniĭ (Mould.) ”.

How was the climate in Sânziene:

The warmest days of Sânziene had been in 2002, 2021, 2003, 2008 and 1993. The coldest had been in 2001, 2018, 1983 and 2005.

June 24 is already a time when the summer time is mostly in full swing and this may be seen at its peak. For instance, in Giurgiu it was +38.5 C in 2002 and +38 in 1993.

In Drobeta Turnu Severin it was +39 C in 2002 and on the similar time it was the most well liked evening of Sânziene, with a minimal of +23.1 C. Curiously, a yr earlier than the evening minimal had been solely +9.7 C In 2002 the minimal evening was +25.5 C in Oravița.

In Sibiu it was solely +6.7 C on June 24, 2018, and the warmest day was in 2003: +32.8 C. In Miercurea Ciuc it was solely +0.7 C on the evening of June 24, 1983, and the warmest evening was in 2002, with a most of +19.4 C.

The bottom temperature measured within the evening of Sânziene within the final 4 many years was on the peak of Omu, in 1986: -5.7 C.

In Calafat it was +38.9 C in 2002 and +37.9 C in 2021.

Traditions of Sânziene reproduced by Gh F Ciuașanu, in a guide from 110 years in the past

  • On the evening of Sânzâene, most and the very best weeds are harvested with a purpose to feed the barren ladies, in order that they will have youngsters.
  • In Sweden and Iceland, individuals are bathing within the dew from Sânzâene. In Russia, in some locations, the herbs harvested at Sânzâene are positioned on the roofs of homes, stables, to chase away unclean and evil spirits.
  • The Romanians imagine that solely on the evening of Sânzâene does the hedgehog carry the grass of the beasts to its nest (the miraculous grass that’s believed to open any padlock or lock, with only a single contact with it).
  • The Germans imagine that on the evening of Sânzâene the unclean spirits stroll and that’s the reason brooms are placed on the doorways.
  • The Romanians make wreaths of yellow sulphine and put them on the home windows, or outdoors the gate, or throw them on the home: every wreath bears the identify of a member of the home and which wreath falls from the roof, the one to whom it’s meant will die in the identical yr.
  • The walnut leaves collected at Sânzâene defend the lightning home. Additionally it is believed that wizards have solely sooner or later a yr, and on today just one hour by which they will harvest their weeds. Today is the eve of the Sânzâens.

Within the Romanian fashionable perception it’s stated that Sânzienele visits the earthlings yearly, on the shortest evening of the yr, on the evening that’s identified to be stuffed with magic – the Evening of Sânziene. Mihail Sadoveanu devoted an excerpt to this evening within the brief story entitled Noaptea de Sânziene:

  • “At midnight God appointed a time of relaxation, when all the weather had been in steadiness, and the heavens with stars and the winds, after which all of them out of the blue went down. Winter is starting to organize its harassers in its northern stables. In that hour of steadiness, God ordained peace amongst all animals, gypsies, and birds. It additionally offers them the sunshine of understanding for that point, in order that they will converse simply as folks converse. ”

Sânziene Evening (French: Forêt interdite) is a novel printed in 1955 by Mircea Eliade. The principle character, Ștefan Viziru, falls in love with a lady he met on the evening of Sânziene within the forest from Băneasa.

Extremely popular (over 7 million views on YouTube) was the tune Sânziene launched two years in the past by Zdob and Zdub and Irina Rimes.

I will throw the crown

Flowers over the gate

And I am going to know rattling it

The place the footsteps lead

Sanziene evening

Burn the fireplace within the torch

I’ll learn in flames

The place’s my luck?

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